What is a Grade Point Average (GPA) 2024/2025

What is a Grade Point Average (GPA)

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The grade point average, or GPA, is the sum of all grades earned by students during their degree program. The GPA is the average score based on the candidate’s performance in each semester, with emphasis on the weightage of each course and the grade that the student gets in each.

The GPA is often recognized as the international standard to which US universities comply. This system enables universities to determine where a candidate stands based on their success in previous courses. It is typically one of the prerequisites for joining many university organizations and clubs, as well as applying for scholarships.

Why is GPA Required?


Different countries and universities accept different grading systems. Universities abroad translate marks or percentages into a common and standardized metric known as the GPA to eliminate confusion and make the international student admission process easier.

GPA is required to complete the application process at international colleges. It helps to ease the overall procedure for admission in US universities. It is used to determine a student’s academic performance, which is then utilized to make an admission decision.

A decent GPA is one of the first factors considered by universities when awarding scholarships, financial aid, or other forms of assistance. It will also assist you in joining a club or group, participating in extracurricular activities, and pursuing higher education.

How to calculate a GPA?

In India, CGPA is determined on a 10-point scale, with a CGPA of 10 being the highest possible score. The following formula can be used by the candidate to convert a 10 point CGPA to a 4 point GPA. If you have a CGPA of 6.0 and your batch topper has a CGPA of 8.0, your 4 Point Scale GPA is as follows: (6.0/8.0) × 4 = 3.0.

The following are the GPA equivalents of each grade a candidate can receive in a course along with their equivalent percentage:

Grade PointsGradeEquivalent
0F< 60%

Unweighted vs weighted GPA

GPAs are usually calculated on a scale of 0 to 4.0 on an unweighted basis. This means that the difficulty of your courses will not be taken into account. Whether you get an A in a simple class or a difficult one, you’ll always get a 4.0.

GPAs that are weighted provide a more accurate assessment of your academic performance. They also employ a separate scale, ranging from 0 to 5.0. This means an A in an easier class, for example, will be graded as a 4.0, whereas an A in a more difficult course will be graded as a 5.0.

Cumulative GPA vs overall GPA

There is not much difference between cumulative GPA and overall GPA.

  • Cumulative GPA can be defined as the average of all the grades that a student has secured in the entire semester or term examinations. Cumulative GPA is an average grade of a particular semester or term while the overall GPA is the average of all the cumulative GPAs.
  • The overall GPA refers to a student’s average grades earned throughout his academic career. This means overall GPA is calculated taking into consideration all the grades regardless of the institution while cumulative GPA is for one particular institute.

Whether a GPA is good or not depends on the personal and academic objectives of a student and also on the university and study abroad program you choose. Usually, a GPA of 3.0 – 3.5 is considered good enough at many high schools, colleges, and universities.

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